Imagine this. Women and young girls, waking up before dawn, every day, leaving their homes while it is still dark and walking for a mile or so to find a remote or a secluded place. And all the while, hoping to stay away from any prying eyes as they finish their daily ablutions in the open.
With this act, they are not only adding to the estimated 100,000 tons of human excrement that Indians leave each day in farming fields, on river banks that are used for drinking and bathing and along roads jammed with scooters, trucks and pedestrians but also experience shame and embarrassment along with exposing themselves to a lot of diseases.
More than 200 million tons of human sewage goes uncollected and untreated, fouling the environment. Each gram of feces can contain 10 million virus particles, 1 million bacteria, 1,000 parasite cysts and 100 parasite eggs. The germs in the excreta contaminates the drinking water, food and soil and increases the number of flies and insects carrying excreta and spreading disease.
Open defecation and lack of sanitation are the leading causes for water-borne diseases like diarrhoea, cholera, dysentery, intestinal worms, trachoma, hepatitis A and typhoid and stunted growth in children. While over 300,000 children aged below five years in India die each year due to diarrhoeal diseases, 44% of children younger than 5 are underweight! Malnourished children have poor immunity and are more susceptible to diarrheal disease, and with more diarrheal disease they become more malnourished!
20% of deaths among children under-14 are due to diseases caused by poor sanitation and hygiene. In young girls, open defecation during menstruation causes a lot of health and hygiene issues viz reproductive tract infections and sexually transmitted infections. Almost 28 million school children across India do not have access to school toilet facilities. And this results in dropping out from schools by girls on reaching puberty, depriving them of opportunity to learn and grow in life and a hope for a bright future.
By stopping open defecation and improving sanitation, there will be lower mortality among children, better nutrition, reduced stunting and increased height among children, due to the reduction in diarrhoea and other life-threatening diseases. There will also be better learning and retention among school children due to reduction in worms and other sanitation related diseases.
By building toilets and ending open defecation, it can have a BIG effect on the health, safety, education, prosperity and dignity of a lot of children and women in India.
Domex has taken an initiative, which is called #ToiletForBabli to make villages in Maharashtra and Orissa open defecation free zones.
You can be a part of this noble initiative too!
Just visit http://www.domex.in/ and click on Contribute Now. For every Click- contribution received on this website, Domex will contribute Rs.5 for making villages open defecation free.